- One facet of a larger movement in modern literary criticism, associated particularly with Claude Lévi-Strauss, a philosophical anthropologist, and now applied to biblical studies. It suggests that critical attention be focused less on evidence about authors or editors of the text but more on the text as it stands, and what it conveys to the readers. For texts have only a relational, not an essential, meaning. Every word fits into a complex pattern of binary oppositions, and it is this structure which gives it meaning. Structuralism is indifferent to historical investigation but, assuming the integrity of the text, analyses the structure of the human mind and group which have produced it. For basic human patterns form themselves into structures and are expressed in texts. A biblical text is therefore to be read and grasped as a whole and is more than a compilation of parts or sources. By it the basic convictions and conditions of the author are transmitted to the reader.Critics of the movement argue that some knowledge of the authors of the biblical books is always helpful; and because most of the books are composite, a knowledge of the history of their composition remains indispensable.
Dictionary of the Bible.
Look at other dictionaries:
structuralism — STRUCTURALÍSM s.n. Teorie lingvistică contemporană care susţine că limba este un sistem autonom, că alcătuieşte o structură în care diversele părţi se află în relaţii şi se condiţionează reciproc. ♦ p. gener. Teorie şi metodă aplicată în domeniul … Dicționar Român
structuralism — Structuralism has made an impact in several disciplines, particularly linguistics, anthropology, psychology and literature. The key initial theorist was the Swiss linguist Ferdinand de Saussure (1857–1913). Saussure argued that language was a… … Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture
STRUCTURALISM — Structuralism is a critical theory that became dominant for a short time in the 1970s and 1980s. Because it was partly a reaction to New Criticism, it reevaluated forms of literature and art previously considered non art, such as Westerns. By… … Westerns in Cinema
structuralism — (n.) 1907, originally in psychology; see STRUCTURAL (Cf. structural) + ISM (Cf. ism) … Etymology dictionary
structuralism — [struk′chər əliz΄əm] n. 1. a movement for determining and analyzing the basic, relatively stable structural elements of a system, esp. in the behavioral sciences 2. STRUCTURAL LINGUISTICS … English World dictionary
Structuralism — For the use of structuralism in biology, see Structuralism (biology) Structuralism is an approach to the human sciences that attempts to analyze a specific field (for instance, mythology) as a complex system of interrelated parts. It began in… … Wikipedia
structuralism — structuralist, n., adj. structuralistic, adj. /struk cheuhr euh liz euhm/, n. 1. any theory that embodies structural principles. 2. See structural anthropology. 3. See structural linguistics. 4. See … Universalium
structuralism — At the most general level the term is used loosely in sociology to refer to any approach which regards social structure (apparent or otherwise) as having priority over social action. More specifically, however, it refers to a particular… … Dictionary of sociology
structuralism — A general intellectual movement whose headquarters have been in France, and whose heyday was in the 1960s. The common feature of structuralist positions is the belief that phenomena of human life are not intelligible except through their… … Philosophy dictionary
Structuralism — an approach or theory that studies underlying structural relationships between concepts. • Post structuralism a varied reaction to structuralism that views the signifier and signified as inseparable, but not united … Mini philosophy glossary
structuralism — noun a) A theory of sociology that views elements of society as part of a cohesive self supporting structure. b) A school of biological thought that deals with the law like behaviour of the structure of organisms and how it can change,… … Wiktionary